India’s blockchain records remain susceptible to corruption
india Andhra Pradesh is currently digitizing and documenting farmland on the blockchain network. Although the decentralized decentralized ledger system is a significant improvement over the old databases in Andhra Pradesh, Quartz India noted that private blockchain systems remain susceptible to corruption. Unfortunately, advanced technology cannot relieve the full liability of users and administrators. It becomes increasingly difficult when there is a high level of mistrust and lack of transparency in the history of land registration in India.
Andhra Pradesh government registers land on Blockchain network for new capital
According to at Quartz India, Andhra Pradesh acquires 217 square kilometers of agricultural land to build Amaravati, the capital of Andhra Pradesh. The process of documenting the land for the new capital is done on the blockchain. In theory, the blockchain ensures transparency between all parties involved. Any changes made to the system can therefore be tracked.
So far, over 24,000 farmers from 22 villages in Guntur have participated in the blockchain land registration and barter process. The government hopes that the use of blockchain technology will lead to fewer cases of real estate fraud. Some farmers have adopted the new process, such as Tharigopula Samasiva Rao. Rao made a deal with the state government of Andhra Pradesh for his land and said about the blockchain system,
“From now on, we no longer have the headache of hiring a document writer to prepare our papers… The files are generated and sent automatically to the registrar. With this new technology, we knew there would be total security, no double registration, no duplicates.
To retain land ownership and rights, the government of Andhra Pradesh worked with Zebi, a blockchain-based provider that uses cryptography to store information securely. The team moved 83,000 records to the blockchain database by March 2018. Before the new blockchain system, anyone with access to the old database could modify the data, and hackers or those with a internal access had programs to cover their tracks. According to Zebi co-founder Babu Munagala, “All of these dangers are disappearing (with the blockchain).”
Advanced blockchain technology can only go so far
Although blockchain technology is an upgrade from the old database, it may not be enough to avoid corruption in the land acquisition process in India. As stated by Quartz India, a government official estimated that in India in 2017, nearly $ 700 million was paid in bribes to land registrars. Sadly, many farmers are exposed to unfair tactics from Indian government officials, who will continue to operate whether or not a new blockchain network is implemented.
In the case of Amaravati, two landowners reported such tactics. A man claims he and his family were intimidated by an assistant collector who came to his home to force him to cede his piece of land. The deputy tax collector allegedly threatened to use false documents and take the land. In another case, a man said the denial of electricity and water supplies was used by the government to try to intimidate it into vacating its land. Another local claimed the bribes would not stop in light of the new system, saying the right amount of money in the right person would continue to change the records.
As such, many Indian farmers are skeptical that the blockchain system can eliminate corruption while many steps in the process are still subject to the actions of officials. There are concerns that authorities will maliciously capture incorrect information or deny disclosure of information relating to fraud charges. Since the government of Andhra Pradesh uses a private blockchain rather than a public blockchain, the public has limited access to the information it stores and must always rely on government channels to investigate suspected fraud or fraud. inaccurate information.
Despite the many doubts that the new system could solve the corruption problem, many see it as a step forward. Cherukuri Sreedhar, the commissioner of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority, believes this is an improvement. Sreedhar specifically mentioned that the new technology would record attempts to modify data and immutably preserve the original data, whereas foul play was more difficult to trace in the previous system.
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